Tutorial 2: Nineteenth Century Design Timeline

Class Activity

In the tutorial today we were asked to form groups and arrange images of design stages into chronological order based on the reading for this week. Our group was the closest group to get to a correct arrangement of images.

1. First came Aboriginal Stencil Art –  The Aboriginal People have been around for thousands of years, hence why we put this image first.
2. Next Chinese Invent the Ink Brush – Again a really early technique.
3. The the Gutenburg Press – a very early printing mechanism, invented in the Holy Roman Empire by the German Johannes Gutenberg around 1440.
4. Next lithography where ink is applied to a greased image on the flat printing surface, non-greased sections, repel the lithographic ink.
5. First Sans Serif Typeface – this typeface I specifically remembered from the reading to originate in the early 1800’s.
6. Dagurerreotype Camera – The first commercially successful camera invented by Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre which influenced design in this period dramatically.
7. The Arts 7 Crafts Movement – Emerged in the 1860’s when William Morris believed that ‘design arts had an important role in improving the lives of everyday working people’.
8. First Anime moving picture – Japanese cartoon. Our group struggled with this one as we were unsure when this emerged but it did appear fairly early.
9. The ‘Jazz Age’ – again no one in my group is a Jazz fan unfortunately, we were confused  where this stood on the timeline. The colour palette and geometrical shapes that this advertisement conveyed seemed fairly modern.
10. Rosie the Riveter – Clearly towards the end of the timeline as Rosie emerged in the first world war when women realised they could do what men were doing in the workplace.
11. Modernist Electricity Poster – the black and white appearance of this advertisement left us puzzled, but it was contradicted by the electricity being advertised. Therefore it is obviously second last in the timeline. It is actually a local Newcastle Ad.
12. And lastly but not least the Xerox Alto – the first GUI.

I found this exercise extremely educational as it required us to utilise our knowledge from the reading and arrange images with our hands in order from earliest to latest in History.

Authors image. 

Ref: Graphic Design A History Stephen J. Eskilson

Author: tjphoto

UON Design Student & Photographer Newcastle, AU

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